Allergy to Cats

Many pet owners around the world choose to have cats as pets. In fact, over half of the number of households in North America are said to own pets. Unfortunately, there are millions of people who love animals and would enjoy having a cat in the house but they are actually allergic to cats. In the United States, over 10 million people are recorded to have an allergic reaction to cat fur.

The main culprit of the allergic reaction to cat is dander. Dander is dead skin cells and dirt that are produced from cat skin. These flakes can be found on the surface of their skin as well as in their fur. This acts as an irritant and as a result, it triggers a reaction from the immune system. This causes the symptoms that allergic people display when they are exposed to cats.

Dander is easily inhaled and when an allergic person does so it may even be life-threatening because this is considered a foreign body and the immune system reacts like it would with any other disease. These cat allergens may be present around the house even if the cat is not present. This can be very harmful to people with sensitive immune systems.

Other type of normal body products released from cats, such as urine, fecal matter and saliva are also substances that allergic people may be vulnerable to. As cats are territorial and they brush against many objects around the house such as furniture, allergens such as dander may be distributed throughout the house. This is not visible to the naked eye.

General symptoms of an allergic reaction includes sneezing, coughing, wheezing, watery eyes, breathing difficulty and itching or a rash. Some people may even develop fever. If this persists, the person should be rushed to the hospital, as allergic reactions should always be taken seriously.

People who have been diagnosed to be suffering from an allergic reaction due to exposure of cats will be treated with medications that relieve the immune system of stress. Such as antihistamines, decongestants, etc. Injections are also administered to patients who are enduring more severe cases.